“A new educational system called "Tools of the Mind" teaches not facts and figures, but rather focuses on cognitive skills in structured play. In the largest and most compelling study yet, exposure to this curriculum in the classroom drastically improves performance on a variety of psychometric and neuropsychological tests.
Vygotskian theory posits that children need to "learn to learn" - by mastering a set of mental tools which bootstrap their mental abilities, the same way that physical tools can extend physical abilities. The consequent "mental exercise" may strengthen the mind just like physical exercise strengthens the body. Thus, maximally-effective education may be explicitly cognitively-focused - i.e., teaching children to use their minds - rather than focused on skills like word learning and multiplication.”
LEARN MORE: HEREOf course, a more critical and holistic approach would include a consideration of how personal experience, culture (with socially circulated expectations of learning and 'skill'), and environmental context influence the development of our bodymind capacities. Yet, rigorous neuroscience remains an important piece of the puzzle of better understanding the complexities of human behavior and development.